Top secret: explain China's first aircraft carrier group!

China aircraft carrier formation naval vessel conceives the chart

Editor's Note: Today, China's aircraft carrier construction program has gradually surfaced, if the Chinese Navy's future aircraft carriers and equipment, then the composition of the aircraft carrier fleet and operational use of the navy commander-in-chief authority will surely become the most view the issue of Notes. According to the carrier battle group with the world the past, the composition and tactical experience as well as the use of the existing provisions, combined with the reality of China's navy, I test for the future composition of China's aircraft carrier fleet and the use of such tactics could be envisaged and analysis.

What kind of aircraft carrier

On the current situation in China shows that to maintain a lower level of the defense budget for the healthy development of the entire national economy and create more favorable to China's international political environment more favorable. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2006 China's gross national product for the 20.9407 trillion yuan, while the National People's Congress passed the 2007 defense budget for the 283.8 billion yuan, the total military spending of GNP to about 1.4%. The proportion could be the future aircraft carrier project will start slightly higher, it is estimated that the growth rate of no more than 18%, then according to the total military budget for 2006 estimated that in 2008 may increase the 51 billion yuan, and then assume that all the money spent on China's aircraft carrier construction program, then the next few years does not include the additional funds, it is up to my recent two carriers have.

Why is it two? Because the removal of formation expenses, as well as other ships of the carrier-based weapons systems expenditure, can be used to build aircraft carrier cost goes up to around 30 billion yuan. Carrier in accordance with the construction of the international community is now priced between 100 to 30 billion yuan, the China's recent construction of up to two aircraft carriers, of course, later years of the investment but also for the entire life-cycle costs, why the author believes that China will build a large aircraft carrier rather than medium or light aircraft carrier then? We know that as a Big Mac at sea, aircraft carrier operations, not only in plays an important role in the use of more political significance. As a great country, China's rapid economic development in recent years, the rapid growth of the national forces, as a symbol of national strength, military strength on the fast track construction. In recent years, China launched from F - fighter, "Sea Journey", "Ocean Journey" series of new destroyers, submarines and a new generation of advanced conventional submarine can be seen that our military is now the goal of the development of equipment is not enough on the line, but re - in catch-up, so the construction of a small aircraft carrier is extremely unlikely, and medium-sized aircraft carrier, that is, a displacement of 40,000 tons in about the possibility of the carrier is not very high. Because of large fixed-wing carrier-based aircraft carrier on the machine even if the medium-sized aircraft carrier, the number will not be too much, this will be constrained to a large extent the carrier's combat effectiveness. Therefore, the initial author to determine China's future aircraft carrier should be loaded with a displacement of about 60,000 tons of prospective large-scale carrier.

Activities envisaged in the regional aircraft fleet

We know that the carrier is generally used principles of ocean on the mainland's military action, while China's national defense strategy defined the scope of the Navy for coastal waters, Liu will have been given a clear explanation, he pointed out in his memoirs: " 'offshore' is China's Yellow Sea and East China Sea, the South China Sea, Spratly Islands and Taiwan, both inside and outside the sea area of Okinawa island chain, as well as the northern waters of the Pacific. "He also clearly pointed out that as the situation changes, China's navy's operational area will be gradually expanded to the northern Pacific to ' The second island chain ', the Navy should be' at the necessary time, effective control with China, an important area connected to the sea. . . . . . With China in the area adjacent to the area of combat '. Here the "first island chain" refers to is located in the western Pacific, near the Asian continent along the Aleutian Islands, Kuril Islands, Japan Islands, the flow ball Islands, the Philippines Islands, island groups, such as the Indonesian archipelago, and the 'second island chain' is Guide to the islands (including the Ogasawara Islands, sulfur Islands) Mariana Islands, Palau Islands and the island of Halmahera island group and so on.

'Island chain' the term was first officially appeared in the 20th century at the end of the 40's and early 50's. Shortly after the end of World War II, the US-led Western military alliance on the best use of the "first island chain" to build a socialist country of the so-called "crescent surrounded." Since then, many countries put such a situation surrounded by island arc image referred to as the "island chain", referred to as "the island chain." Geographical location from a chain of islands can be seen even in the first island, China's naval forces and air forces, shore-based naval firepower and basic cope easily with the existing, and the second island chain is very difficult to achieve operational needs. Therefore, the future of our major activities of the carrier battle group in the region should be among the first to the second island chain, as well as the southern tip of the South China Sea to the Malacca Strait, which requires two aircraft carrier battle groups east and south, respectively, to assume the defense request. Some people may say that China's construction of two aircraft carriers for the purpose of rotation of posts, an implementation of combat duty, a rest to. But I believe that such a thing in the near future is unlikely to happen because the construction of warships in accordance with the way our country and the service situation, such as the construction of aircraft carrier, will start at the same time, and soon one after another into the water between the two did not exist before and after the substitution, rest of the time difference. Furthermore, the U.S. Navy in our country at this stage as there is no demand for ocean-going operations, so even an aircraft carrier in service, nor will much of the need for large vacuum defense added that China's future aircraft carrier fleet will be fully deployed to combat duty and exercise in different geographical deployment.

The future composition of the carrier battle group with the idea of

The main threat to China's future sea surface ships from the enemy, especially an aircraft carrier, the carrier should be the future of my country to attack a formation of the additional anti-submarine mission. As an attack formation, a carrier battle group in our country should be equipped with 6 ~ 8 convoy fleets, 1 ~ 2 large supply vessel. For the escort, the ocean should have a certain degree of combat capability and the ability to attack anti-saturation, or will not achieve the role of escort. At the same time, anti-submarine ship in specialized aspects of security should also be borne ship. On the present situation, as the escort aircraft carrier, in the air defense area, including 170,115 options, such as destroyers, as well as' Jiangkai 'class frigates.

According to foreign media reports, China's latest 'Jiangkai' class frigates are not equipped with "HQ-7" anti-aircraft missiles, but the latest research and development to change the vertical launch air defense missile system. It is said that the new ship-to-air missiles with a range of powerful warheads and the Russian-made SA-N-12 missile is similar to the effective range of between 3 to 55 kilometers, the minimum shot not more than 10 meters high, the use of active radar-guided, in phased array radar can simultaneously deal with under the control of multiple air targets (including 20 km in distance from the anti-radiation missiles). In this way, the new frigate may be responsible for fleet air defense system from the defense in the task, to make up for 170 ship-to-air missile destroyer shot high minimum larger defects. This is the future of the Chinese Navy carrier battle group air defense medium-range air defense network is a great complement, especially to deal with sea-skimming anti-ship missiles to fill the gap between the scope of the medium.

Destroyers of our 170 first appeared, one of the biggest bright spot is that the above vertical launch long-range air defense missile system. The system is similar to the Russian-made, "Sharif" (NATO codename SA-N-6) as the runner-type, cold to launch, but each launch system launch, only six units, rather than the SA-N-6 of 8 unit diameter than the SA-N-6 small. Judging from the media reports, the vertical launching system structure than the SA-N-6 in many advanced, SA-N-6 launchers each group has only one opening and a set of ignition devices, rotating tank shells 5 of the way transmission unit share, while China's new long-range air defense missiles, tank shells were fired in each unit has a mouth, do not need to rotate, so the launch speed and reliability is higher than the SA-N-6.

170 ship's bow B a total of six groups of emplacement Vertical Launching System, and hangar structure in the center of the axis of the two sets of tandem also, for a total of 48 units. In order to prevent the missiles fired tank shells and after the ignition could not cause danger to fall into the deck, B emplacement of the six groups around the vertical launch system is divided into 15-degree angle toward outboard tilt, and the library installed on the helicopter vertical launching system were also the same design. New long-range air defense missile has a range over 100 kilometers, has a strong ability to intercept long-range aerial targets. It can be said that the emergence of 170 destroyers, to ensure the future of China's long-range anti-aircraft carrier fleet to attack the demand for air saturation.

According to foreign media reports, 115 new-type missile destroyers purchased from Russia installed the "Sharif" M regional air defense missile system. The S-300PUM1 missiles for ship-borne version of the missile is the use of 48N6E, a range of 150 to 1000 meters, engine thrust and the warhead has been further strengthened the power of a maximum speed of around Mach 6, can walk 4 grams heavy 20,000 fragment , with the fire control radar for the Phased Array type 30N6E1 Search fire control radar, the largest search distance of 300 km, capable of simultaneously guided missiles to attack 12 different targets 6, and tactical ballistic missile tracking and stability. It can be said that, like 115 and 170, you can assume the distance from the saturation attack against the mission, enough to play in China's future aircraft carrier fleet from the air defense mission.

Ship alone is not enough air, but also the need to tie in with the anti-ship and anti-submarine. Anti-ship missile destroyers equipped with the main deal with the enemy surface ships and aircraft, China's outstanding performance at this stage of the main anti-ship destroyer of "modern" and 168 destroyers, they may become an important member of the carrier battle group. "Modern" class destroyer is an advanced large-scale surface warships, the largest displacement of 8480 tons, with the United States the "Ticonderoga" class similar to the Aegis missile cruiser, the vessel equipped with an anti-submarine helicopters, 48 "Shi Greig "anti-aircraft missiles and eight SS-N-22" Sunburn "anti-ship missiles, equipped with torpedoes, mines, long-range artillery ship running and complex electronic warfare systems.

168 to install a bridge on top of a similar Russian-made "music" as the goal of instruction radar, in the special climate conditions, the top to make use of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere to detect the reflective properties of the horizontal line below the goal of control can be used to guide ships contained in domestic "YJ" 83 anti-ship missiles. Future 168-ship may also be converted to the new supersonic missile developed to further enhance the strike capability of the sea.

In anti-submarine, my main "Luhu"-class missile destroyers and "Jiangkai" class missile frigates. "Luhu" class ship of the six anti-submarine weapons and 324 millimeters for the B515 torpedo tube, which A244S "bald" torpedo the use of master / passive acoustic homing, 30 at a range of 6 km, anti-submarine rockets to 12-2 2500 tube fixed launchers, anti-submarine capability. VDS ship 112,113 anti-submarine sonar used by France and Italy DUBV-23 mixed-DE-1160 technology, the largest detection range of 12 kilometers, and the ship also contained two anti-submarine helicopters, and more to enhance its anti-submarine anti-submarine capabilities and means of .

"Jiangkai" (054)-class guided missile frigate is a dedicated anti-submarine frigates in our country, and its anti-submarine equipment on ships are also made in the most complete, including anti-submarine rocket launchers, anti-submarine missiles, anti-submarine torpedoes, anti-submarine helicopters and submarine-detection equipment. Bow is equipped with 2 primary guns sitting in front of 86-style six-mounted anti-submarine rocket launchers, each loaded to 24 missiles can attack 4 km outside the 300 m deep submarine and launching the latest anti-submarine passive acoustic self-guided rockets. Bridge before the two sides have four multi-purpose 18 122 mm rocket launchers, capable of launching platinum and IR decoy, in the 4 kilometers to deceive, or interference with, and the use of new anti-torpedo decoy bombs and the interceptor missile. Although the anti-submarine rocket ships in the West would have gone, but in actual combat in anti-submarine rockets still play a role in its place, you can crack down on the shallow sea water in small goals. State of deep submerged submarines and to warn against interception, and even can be used, such as intercepting torpedoes. As a result of the use of simple, low cost, so it can be widely used. Ship of the class goes in the bottom of the rear cover of the activities within the right and left each with a triple anti-submarine torpedo tubes installed, used to launch new China-made anti-submarine torpedoes, the torpedoes are in our country after the 90's new destroyer construction standards in recent from anti-submarine weapons, but in the frigate appeared on the first time, mainly for anti-submarine task within 10 km, In addition, the type of long-range anti-submarine ship from the K-28 as anti-submarine helicopters.

As regard to the configuration of the submarine escort, I believe that the Han-class nuclear submarines on active service less performance, especially in noisy, making it difficult to defend the carrier battle group as a submarine. However, the new nuclear submarines in the next period of time for various reasons is not likely to become the carrier's security, so the next aircraft carrier in China's submarine fleet with the most likely should be "Kilo" class conventional submarines or new type of China-made.

In the supply ship, the next most likely to be equipped with the carrier battle group to be "Chi Fu" class supply ship. The horizontal level liquid cargo ship depot, dry goods depot, and vertical liquid cargo depot, you can edge edge navigation vessels for water supply and the main non-staple foods, and the class destroyers can carry a helicopter vertical replenishment. Workers in the class destroyers 4 automatic fire stations and an automatic spray device, with camera monitoring system and advanced dirt, sewage treatment equipment. These properties sufficient to meet China's demand for the carrier battle group with supplies, if the future of our country are equipped with the new ambulance boat is better with.

In anti-submarine, my main "Luhu"-class missile destroyers and "Jiangkai" class missile frigates. "Luhu" class ship of the six anti-submarine weapons and 324 millimeters for the B515 torpedo tube, which A244S "bald" torpedo the use of master / passive acoustic homing, 30 at a range of 6 km, anti-submarine rockets to 12-2 2500 tube fixed launchers, anti-submarine capability. VDS ship 112,113 anti-submarine sonar used by France and Italy DUBV-23 mixed-DE-1160 technology, the largest detection range of 12 kilometers, and the ship also contained two anti-submarine helicopters, and more to enhance its anti-submarine anti-submarine capabilities and means of .

2 Post a Comment:

So well and nice posting , I like it.

We all have seen the quality, or lack of, of Russian military equipment in the past and we all have seen the crappy workmanship of Chinese made products. So combine the two and the free world has nothing to worry about.