7/31/2010

PLA Major General said that Chinese Navy will not hold back because of island chain

July 26, organized by the South China Sea Fleet of the navy arms contract, the live ammunition exercise was successfully held in the South China Sea waters, photo shows 171 new 052C class guided missile destroyer. Xinhua News Agency issued



China Military Report: "China and the United States by 2015 sea battle and eventually defeat the Chinese navy the United States 'Washington' aircraft carrier." This is the U.S. Navy early this year, Lieutenant Colonel James carats of ska in the U.S. journal Foreign Affairs, "Journal of World Affairs," written in a paragraph on . Kraska's prediction, after all, only a subjective imagination, but it reveals the essence of China in recent years, the United States naval forces and growth concerns and fears. The most direct expression of this psychological, the United States during the Cold War to regain the "island chain, said" in an attempt to blockade the Chinese navy in the United States as a "courtyard" of the "first island chain" within.


The shackles of the strategy to contain China


"Island chain" is the East-West confrontation during the Cold War product. After World War II, the US-led Western countries to block the former Soviet Union, China and other socialist countries, using some of the West Pacific Ocean island group's strategic location specific, proposed the "island chains" concept. First to use the "island chain" in former U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles is. January 1951, when the U.S. State Department adviser John Foster Dulles put forward: "the defense of the United States in the Pacific area should be Japan, the Ryukyu Islands, China Taiwan, the Philippines, Australia, this island chain."

After the Cold War, western countries will shift the focus of strategic containment of China, Dulles's "island chain" that has been given a new meaning, derived from the United States to contain China's development of the three ocean-going navy to the "island block chain." The so-called "first island chain" refers to the North from the Japanese archipelago, Ryukyu Islands, the island then south to the Philippines, Sunda Islands chain, a large island-shaped belt. The island chain is the United States and its military allies (Japan and Korea, etc.) to deploy the cutting edge of the west. "Second island chain" from the Japanese Islands, north through the South Island (including the Bonin Islands, sulfur Islands), Mariana Islands, the islands until Hama Black Lama group, which is the front-line U.S. and Asia-Pacific countries such as Japan and South Korea rear support. "The third island chain," the major groups formed by the base of the Hawaiian Islands, both U.S. military strategy is the support behind the Asia-Pacific, but also a United States defense outpost.


"After the Cold War, the United States constructed to contain China's island chain is not only not disappeared, but continues to lengthen, forming a sea surrounded by two levels of posture." Military expert Dai Xu in China on the "News of the World," told . Dai Xu pointed out that China, the United States now constitutes a "C-shaped surrounded by" the situation: surrounded by sea from Japan to India, the land surrounded from India to Central Asia. "Whatever is the 'first island chain' or 'C-shaped surround', are the United States in the geopolitical strategy to contain China's yoke."

China's breakthrough "island chain" to the US-Japanese horror


In recent years, with the development of China's naval forces, to pursue exclusive sea of the United States and Japan, and restore "island chain" concept, and will challenge it as the Chinese Navy's own influence in the Western Pacific, a psychological barrier. The pace of the Chinese Navy to the U.S. and Japan are also often disturbed.


This year in April, the East China Sea Fleet of Chinese navy held exercises in the East China Sea, a total of 10 warships and submarines to participate. These ships through the Strait of Miyako, arrived at the western Pacific waters near Okinotorishima, and held anti-submarine exercises in this. A few days earlier, the North Sea Fleet of the PLA just finished a small fleet exercises in the South China Sea, and from the opposite direction across the Miyako Strait.


Chinese Navy led a series of maritime exercises between Japan and the U.S. media attention. Japan's "Yomiuri Shimbun," commented: "The recent exercises that the Chinese navy is a force that can in 'the first island chain' to carry out operations outside the modern Navy." Foundation, U.S. think tank the jamestown foundation comment on the article, said the unprecedented scale of the exercise seems to claim that China has mature outside the "blue water navy."

Not only the Navy, the rapid progress of China's air force also made the U.S. feel "anxious." United States, "Foreign Affairs" magazine web site early in July there is articles said that the Chinese air force's advanced aerial refueling aircraft, if not, its combat radius can be up to 900 nautical miles, enough to cover the "first island chain."

In fact, the Chinese Navy "breakthrough" the "first island chain" capability is no longer news in the eyes of Western countries, they are now more concerned about the Chinese navy's "ocean-going operational strength." Since December 2008, China has been rampant in the Gulf of Aden to the pirates, Somali waters to send warships to escort the implementation of the task. This, Japanese media have commented that: "In the Gulf of Aden to combat piracy actions conducive to the accumulation of Chinese ocean-going naval combat experience." "Los Angeles Times" said, escort mission in Somalia is growing, the Chinese Navy "full expand overseas the flares. "

China's rising naval hardware


United States and Japan tried to blockade the Chinese navy's attempt, after all is an illusion. With China's rapid economic development and globalization of China's national interests, China's fledgling navy is only a matter of time.


90 years ago in the last century, the Chinese navy's main from "LD"-class destroyer, "Wild World"-class missile frigates, 033 conventional submarines and other warships and composition of the tonnage of these vessels less common, less able to shortcomings voyage . The lack of advanced surface warships main air defense missiles and radar systems, need to shore-based air cover, can effectively combat capability. Can be said that the early Chinese fleet is a wing in the Air Force combat forces under the coastal waters.


With the rapid economic development, China's shipbuilding industry has made considerable progress. The Chinese Navy has new destroyers, frigates and large dock landing ship and other equipment have been completely out of the "Soviet style", forming a distinctive "Chinese characteristics", such advanced warships for the Chinese navy into an offshore foundation.

One aspect of warship, 052C-class "Chinese Aegis", 051C "Russian type Aegis" destroyers and other models have served to make the Chinese Navy with a regional air defense capability for the deployment of ocean-going fleet to provide "umbrella"; a large number of new The "Jiang Kai" class frigates have been commissioned, and anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden has a good performance by stealth ship design, equipped with a vertical launch air defense missiles; advanced conventional submarines, as well as speculation that the new nuclear submarines , will enhance the ability of the Chinese navy's underwater deterrent. At present, the Chinese navy's ocean-going ability to act with the United States and Europe, etc. Although there is not a small naval power gap, but with good "bones" and wanted to become a powerful ocean-going navy, just keep filling "muscle."

Expert Comments: The United States and Japan should adapt to China's naval expansion


Cold War has been for many years, but "on the first island chain" still cause trouble, it shows that some people in U.S. and Japan have not yet out of the psychological shadow of the Cold War. Famous Chinese strategist, Rear Admiral Yang Yi, the National Defense University on the "News of the World," told reporters: "The United States still did not give up now 'island chain system of China' strategy, which the United States to pursue hegemony of the ocean has a direct relationship. Based on this mentality, the United States could allow China to try to be brave land, but does not allow China to the sea but only challenge the United States. "


Experts pointed out that, in fact, the United States and Japan and other countries should get used to the Chinese navy's development. Maritime transport is the lifeblood of the economy, improve naval power to protect national maritime interests, is to defend an important part of the national interest and also a important way to increase international contributions. "The Chinese Navy has been pursuing a policy of active defense, our goal is not to expand their control of certain areas, but to serve China's national interests and the international community to contribute to public safety." Yang Yi said.


Yang Yi said that China will not have the "first island chain" to hold back, give up the development of its own naval forces. On the contrary, United States and Japan need to recognize the stability of China's naval forces in the world the possibility of, and not man set out a geographical island chain, create tension in the Western Pacific.

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