5/27/2011

The Chinese-produced C919 jet airliner set to bid on major US aerospace programmes

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A new report by Rand Corporation, warned that Europe and the U.S. civil aviation enterprises in the commercial aircraft manufacturing companies with Chinese operations to provide a dual-use technologies, inadvertently contributed to China's military development.


J -20 stealth fighter recently unveiled, and China's first aircraft carrier was confirmed in this trial. RAND report, entitled "China's development to take off --- in the aerospace industry," the report is in this context the following world's.


China's market is too attractive to Western aerospace companies can not be ignored. In Europe and the U.S. military and civil aviation, when the budget has shrunk, the situation is even more so.


But the Rand Corporation report that economic opportunities associated with risk. Sold to China Airlines a high bypass ratio turbofan engine used in some of the components used for high-performance aircraft Xiaohan same ratio turbofan engines. Automatic flight control system can be used for unmanned military aircraft.


The report said that even sub-parts production to Chinese companies has also helped raise China's military capabilities.


The report said: "The only according to Western aerospace parts manufacturer's instructions can provide a training process. This training can be applied to the processing of military aircraft parts."


The report refers to China Commercial Aircraft Co., Ltd. R & D ARJ21 regional jets and narrow-body jet C919 efforts. These efforts have been General Electric, Honeywell, and more than a dozen other European and U.S. aviation parts business for help.


The report said that the technology under the ARJ21 and C919 can be made to complete the delivery of various types of aircraft, troops, military supplies or equipment to perform different kinds of special tasks.

But not everyone agrees that sky is falling. Nanyang Technological University in Singapore than analyst Richard Green Grid, said: "For decades, people have been warned to tone of the threat, pay attention to the Chinese people to explore the commercial aerospace technology."


Than Ratzinger said that China's aircraft manufacturing business 80 years from the last century from the West since the aircraft manufacturer to obtain sub-contracts, but their own industrial capacity has received only limited improvement. He said, ARJ21 and the C919 is the Chinese people do not actually make good use of evidence of the transfer of technology in the manufacture of these aircraft still has to import most of the key technologies, including engines, flight control systems and avionics.


He said: "These systems are basically the situation of black box shipped to China. That is to say, they are shipped as a finished product, but no design or manufacturing technology brings about."


Than Ratzinger said China learned in these projects is the only thing the system integration of large commercial aircraft.


Rand report also shows that in the field of helicopter production, joint ventures and the transfer of production licenses trouble.


For example, the Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Company production and Eurocopter AS365N medium utility helicopter of the same family of a helicopter. This is called the Chinese Z-9 helicopters can perform civil and military tasks, including anti-tank, anti-submarine warfare and search and rescue missions.


In 1997, Eurocopter received a contract to help China develop a transport helicopter, but these helicopters are not produced. The report said: "China seems to be the technology used in Z-10 attack helicopter manufacturing."

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